scientific-studiesIn this bibliography all studies concerning urban dance, health & science are
collected. Studies concerning all different dance styles from Breaking to Wacking, from Hip Hop to Popping, from Voguing to Locking, … and all health related topics are presented in form of their abstracts or links to directly download the paper.

If you have an abstract which is not listed yet, feel free to contact us and contribute to this bibliography.

In case of interest, write the title, author, year and journal of the required study to and we will in return send the full paper per email to you.






Alberto A. Clinical trial for non-specific pain and functionality for wrist joints in breakdancing. (Only spanish version). Master thesis, University of Barcelona. 2013.

Balfour-Lynn IM. Break dancer’s lung. Archives of disease in childhood. 2002;86(3):224-224.

Broome HE, Heppenstall RB. Break dancers’ bursitis. JAMA 1985;253:777.

Byun HS, Cantos EL, Patel PP. Severe cervical injury due to break dancing: a case report. Orthopedics. 1986;9(4):550-551.

Cho CH, Song KS, Min BW, Lee SM, Chang HW, Eum DS. Musculoskeletal injuries in break-dancers. Injury. 2009;40(11):1207-11.

Dieden JD. Break dancer’s fracture of the fifth metatarsal. Western Journal of Medicine. 1985;142(1):101.

Dorey RS, Mayne V. Break-dancing injuries. Med J Aust 1986;144:610–1.

Escobosa Y. Psychological aspects of dance: the passion, the stress-recovery balance and injury. Psychological predictors of injuries in breakdancers. (Only spanish version). Master thesis, University of Barcelona. 2013.

Gearhart JP, Lowe FC. Genitourinary injuries secondary to break dancing in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 1986;77(6):922-924.

Gerber SD, Griffin PP, Simmons BP. Break dancer’s wrist: case report. Journal of Pediatrics Orthopedics. 1986;6:98–9.

Gordon CM, Lindner SM, Birbaumer N, Montoya P, Ankney RL, Andrasik F. Self-Myofascial Vibro-Shearing: a Randomized Controlled Trial of Biomechanical and Related Changes in Male Breakdancers. Sports Medicine – Open. 2018;4:13.

Gordon C-M, Lindner SM, Birbaumer N, Montoya P, Andrasik F. Correlation between Hydration and Fascia Stiffness during a Self-help Treatment with a Myofascial Manipulation Tool. A Bioimpedance Controlled, Clinical Trial. Fascia Research IV, Washington DC. 2015.

Goscienski PJ, Luevanos L. Injury caused by ‘break dancing’. JAMA. 1984;252:3367.

Ihmeidan IH, Tehranzadeh J, Oldham SA, Mnaymneh W, Mnaymneh LG. Case report 443. Florid cortical and periosteal reactions due to stress fractures of the right femur and left calcaneus in a ‘‘break dancer’’. Skeletal Radiology. 1987;16:581–3.

Johnson SR, Jones DG. Break dancing: the need for supervision. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 1986;20:91.

Joondeph BC, Spigelman AV, Pulido JS. Ocular trauma from break dancing. Archives of Ophthalmology. 1986;104(2):176-177.

Kauther MD, Wedemeyer C, Wegner A, Kauther KM, Knoch M. Breakdance Injuries and Overuse Syndromes in Amateurs and Professionals. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2009;37(4):797-802.

Lee KC, Clough C. Intracerebral hemorrhage after break dancing. The New England journal of medicine. 1990;323:615-616.

Leung AK. Hazards of break dancing. N Y State J Med. 1984; 84(12):592.

Lindner SM. The Breaker’s Wrist. Project thesis, tamed association for dance medicine, Frankfurt. 2014.

Lindner SM. Injury Prevention oft he Breakdancer’s Wrist. Master thesis, University of Barcelona. 2014.

Lohman, Martina, Leena Kivisaari, and Esa K. Partio. Stress reaction in the carpal bones caused by breakdancing. Emergency radiology. 2003;10(2):102-104.

McBride DQ, Lehman LP, Mangiardi JR. Break-dancing neck. The New English Journal of Medicine. 1985;312:186.

McNeil SL, Spruill WA, Langley RL, Shuping JR, Leonard JR 3rd. Multiple subdural hematomas associated with breakdancing. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 1987;16(1):114-116.

Monselise A, Chan L, Shapiro J. Break Dancing: A New Risk Factor for Scarring Hair Loss. Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery. 2011;15(3):177-179.

Moses J, Shannon M. Back pain, vomiting after break-dance mishap. Hosp Pract (Off Ed). 1985;20(3):100K-100P.

Norman RA, Grodin MA. Injuries from break dancing. American family physician. 1984;30(4):109.

Ojofeitimi S, Bronner S, Woo H. Injury incidence in hip hop dance. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2012;22(3):347-55.

Pulkkinen M. Warm Up in Breaking. A semi-structured interview. Bachelor’s thesis, JAMK University of Applied Sciences, Jyväskylä/Finnland. 2016.

Quested E, Duda JL. Perceptions of the Motivational Climate, Need Satisfaction, and Indices of Well- and Ill-Being Among Hip Hop Dancers. Journal of Dance Medicine & Science. 2009;13(1):10-19.

Ramirez B, Masella PA, Fiscina B, Lala VR, Edwards MD. Breaker’s neck. JAMA. 1984;252(24):3366-3367.

Schneider F, Milesi I, Haesler E, Wicky S, Schnyder P, Denys A. Break-dance: an unusual cause of hammer syndrome. Cardiovascular and interventional radiology. 2002;25(4):330-331.

Sharma V, Knapp JK, Wasserman GS, Walsh I, Hoover CJ. Injuries associated with break dancing. Pediatric emergency care. 1986;2(1):21-22.

Sandler-Silver F, Krebs JO, Espinoza LR. Breaks and other bad breaks for breakers. JAMA.1985;253(14):2047-2047.

Tiu S, Srinivasan I, Banner HJ, Kramer EL, Genieser NB, Sanger JJ. Breakdancer’s pulmonary embolism. Clinical Nuclear Medicine. 1986;11(6):402-403.

Tsiouti N,  Constantinou T, Philip K, Sanchez E, Paton B. Evaluating the relationship between fatigue, pressure and weight distribution on the upper limb in breakers. Revista Movimenta.2016;9(4):633-740.

Wheeler RE, Appell RA. Differential diagnosis of scrotal pain after break dancing. JAMA. 1984;252(24):3366.

Winkler AR, Barnes JC, Ogden JA. Break dance hip: chronic avulsion of the anterior superior iliac spine. Pediatric Radiology. 1987;17(6):501-502.

Winslet MC, Clarke NM, Mulligun PJ. Breakdancer’s thumb—partial rupture of the ulnar collateral ligament with a fracture of the proximal phalanx of the thumb. Injury. 1986;17:201–2.








Sophie Manuela ‚Sophiela‘ Lindner is a sports physiotherapist and Bgirl. Since 2007 she is  active in the Breaking scene. With her bgirl crew Skill Sisters she represented Germany at the international Bgirl Battle at Battle of the Year 2015.

In order to share dance-medical knowledge to urban dancers, Sophie established ‚Urban Dance Health‘ in 2012. As a physiotherapist specializing on dancers, Sophie regularly gives Health Workshops, Health Check-Ups and Health care for professional urban dancers, including the Red Bull BC One All Stars and the Red Bull Flying Illusion Company.

Today she is working as a physiotherapist at the Haid Gesundheitswerkstatt, a clinic specialized on myoreflextherapy, dancers, musicians and chronic pain outpatients, and as an associate researcher at the CIT Research Institute in Stuttgart.

Get Sophie’s full CV here.