Research question: Is there a physiologic hand position in breaking and what ad-vice can be given to breakers to prevent wrist injuries?
Background: Breaking is a young subculture and has its origins in the 1970s. There-fore there has been little scientific research conducted in this field. Due to the fact that a breaker is a dancer as well as a highly trained athlete, detailed analysis about the dance, its problems and injury prevention has to be made.
Objective: The wrist is the body part of a breaker most commonly injured. A lot of breakers suffer from pain from wrist injuries and some even have to stop dancing as a consequence. The aim of this project thesis is to analyse the position of the hand in breaking and to give advice to breakers in order for them to prevent those injuries.
Methods: This project thesis is a theoretic report. It includes research of scientific articles, present literature as well as interviews with professional breakers, sports scientists, sports physicians and sports physiotherapists.
Results: A breaker’s wrist should be strong enough to resist against high impact movements. Therefore, beside an adequate warm up before practice, it is recom-mended that breakers conduct explicit strength training of the wrist and the forearm muscles. Also advisable for preventing wrist injury is conducting preventive auto-traction exercises and stabilising the thumb in the footwork position.
Conclusion: There is not one singular specific hand position that is more physiologic for breakers that can be recommended. The position depends on the movements, the operational sequence, the physical condition and the anatomy of the dancer.
Key words: breaker, breaking, bboy, bgirl, breakdance, dancer, wrist, hand, finger, thumb, injury, pain, problems, prevention, physiotherapy, dance medicine.