If you have an abstract which is not listed yet, feel free to contact us and contribute to this bibliography.

In case of interest, write the title, author, year and journal of the required study to and we will in return send the full paper per email to you.


Goscienski PJ, Luevanos L. Injury caused by ‘break dancing’. JAMA. 1984;252:3367.

Leung AK. Hazards of break dancing. N Y State J Med. 1984; 84(12):592.

Norman RA, Grodin MA. Injuries from break dancing. American family physician. 1984;30(4):109.

Ramirez B, Masella PA, Fiscina B, Lala VR, Edwards MD. Breaker’s neck. JAMA. 1984;252(24):3366-3367.

Wheeler RE, Appell RA. Differential diagnosis of scrotal pain after break dancing. JAMA. 1984;252(24):3366.

Broome HE, Heppenstall RB. Break dancers’ bursitis. JAMA 1985;253:777.

Dieden JD. Break dancer’s fracture of the fifth metatarsal. Western Journal of Medicine. 1985;142(1):101.

Moses J, Shannon M. Back pain, vomiting after break-dance mishap. Hosp Pract (Off Ed). 1985;20(3):100K-100P.

McBride DQ, Lehman LP, Mangiardi JR. Break-dancing neck. The New English Journal of Medicine. 1985;312:186.

Sandler-Silver F, Krebs JO, Espinoza LR. Breaks and other bad breaks for breakers. JAMA.1985;253(14):2047-2047.

Byun HS, Cantos EL, Patel PP. Severe cervical injury due to break dancing: a case report. Orthopedics. 1986;9(4):550-551.

Dorey RS, Mayne V. Break-dancing injuries. Med J Aust 1986;144:610–1.

Gearhart JP, Lowe FC. Genitourinary injuries secondary to break dancing in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 1986;77(6):922-924.

Gerber SD, Griffin PP, Simmons BP. Break dancer’s wrist: case report. Journal of Pediatrics Orthopedics. 1986;6:98–9.

Johnson SR, Jones DG. Break dancing: the need for supervision. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 1986;20:91.

Joondeph BC, Spigelman AV, Pulido JS. Ocular trauma from break dancing. Archives of Ophthalmology. 1986;104(2):176-177.

Dorey RS, Mayne V. Break-dancing injuries. Med J Aust 1986;144:610–1.

Sharma V, Knapp JK, Wasserman GS, Walsh I, Hoover CJ. Injuries associated with break dancing. Pediatric emergency care. 1986;2(1):21-22.

Tiu S, Srinivasan I, Banner HJ, Kramer EL, Genieser NB, Sanger JJ. Breakdancer’s pulmonary embolism. Clinical Nuclear Medicine. 1986;11(6):402-403.

Winslet MC, Clarke NM, Mulligun PJ. Breakdancer’s thumb—partial rupture of the ulnar collateral ligament with a fracture of the proximal phalanx of the thumb. Injury. 1986;17:201–2.

Ihmeidan IH, Tehranzadeh J, Oldham SA, Mnaymneh W, Mnaymneh LG. Case report 443. Florid cortical and periosteal reactions due to stress fractures of the right femur and left calcaneus in a ‘‘break dancer’’. Skeletal Radiology. 1987;16:581–3.

McNeil SL, Spruill WA, Langley RL, Shuping JR, Leonard JR 3rd. Multiple subdural hematomas associated with breakdancing. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 1987;16(1):114-116.

Winkler AR, Barnes JC, Ogden JA. Break dance hip: chronic avulsion of the anterior superior iliac spine. Pediatric Radiology. 1987;17(6):501-502.

Lee KC, Clough C. Intracerebral hemorrhage after break dancing. The New England journal of medicine. 1990;323:615-616.

Balfour-Lynn IM. Break dancer’s lung. Archives of disease in childhood. 2002;86(3):224-224.

Schneider F, Milesi I, Haesler E, Wicky S, Schnyder P, Denys A. Break-dance: an unusual cause of hammer syndrome. Cardiovascular and interventional radiology. 2002;25(4):330-331.

Lohman, Martina, Leena Kivisaari, and Esa K. Partio. Stress reaction in the carpal bones caused by breakdancing. Emergency radiology. 2003;10(2):102-104.

Cho CH, Song KS, Min BW, Lee SM, Chang HW, Eum DS. Musculoskeletal injuries in break-dancers. Injury. 2009;40(11):1207-11.

Kauther MD, Wedemeyer C, Wegner A, Kauther KM, Knoch M. Breakdance Injuries and Overuse Syndromes in Amateurs and Professionals. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2009;37(4):797-802.

Quested E, Duda JL. Perceptions of the Motivational Climate, Need Satisfaction, and Indices of Well- and Ill-Being Among Hip Hop Dancers. Journal of Dance Medicine & Science. 2009;13(1):10-19.

Monselise A, Chan L, Shapiro J. Break Dancing: A New Risk Factor for Scarring Hair Loss. Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery. 2011;15(3):177-179.

Ojofeitimi S, Bronner S, Woo H. Injury incidence in hip hop dance. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2012;22(3):347-55.

Alberto A. Clinical trial for non-specific pain and functionality for wrist joints in breakdancing. (Only spanish version). Master thesis, University of Barcelona. 2013.

Escobosa Y. Psychological aspects of dance: the passion, the stress-recovery balance and injury. Psychological predictors of injuries in breakdancers. (Only spanish version). Master thesis, University of Barcelona. 2013.

Lindner SM. The Breaker’s Wrist. Project thesis, tamed association for dance medicine, Frankfurt. 2014.

Lindner SM. Injury Prevention oft he Breakdancer’s Wrist. Master thesis, University of Barcelona. 2014.

Gordon C-M, Lindner SM, Birbaumer N, Montoya P, Andrasik F. Correlation between Hydration and Fascia Stiffness during a Self-help Treatment with a Myofascial Manipulation Tool. A Bioimpedance Controlled, Clinical Trial. Fascia Research IV, Washington DC. 2015.

Pulkkinen M. Warm Up in Breaking. A semi-structured interview. Bachelor’s thesis, JAMK University of Applied Sciences, Jyväskylä/Finnland. 2016.

Tsiouti N,  Constantinou T, Philip K, Sanchez E, Paton B. Evaluating the relationship between fatigue, pressure and weight distribution on the upper limb in breakers. Revista Movimenta.2016;9(4):633-740.

Gordon CM, Lindner SM, Birbaumer N, Montoya P, Ankney RL, Andrasik F. Self-Myofascial Vibro-Shearing: a Randomized Controlled Trial of Biomechanical and Related Changes in Male Breakdancers. Sports Medicine – Open. 2018;4:13.







Sophie Manuela ‚Sophiela‘ Lindner is a sports physiotherapist and Bgirl. Since 2007 she is  active in the Breaking scene. With her bgirl crew Skill Sisters she represented Germany at the international Bgirl Battle at Battle of the Year 2015.

In order to share dance-medical knowledge to urban dancers, Sophie established ‚Urban Dance Health‘ in 2012. As a physiotherapist specializing on dancers, Sophie regularly gives Health Workshops, Health Check-Ups and Health care for professional urban dancers, including the Red Bull BC One All Stars and the Red Bull Flying Illusion Company.

Today she is working as a physiotherapist at the Haid Gesundheitswerkstatt, a clinic specialized on myoreflextherapy, dancers, musicians and chronic pain outpatients, and as an associate researcher at the CIT Research Institute in Stuttgart.

Get Sophie’s full CV here.